Vacuum robots are small, flat, and very agile. In recent years they have become almost indispensable helpers in the household. They drive through the apartment completely autonomously and thoroughly clean dust and dirt from hard floors, carpets, and carpets. But how does a vacuum robot work? In the following, we would like to clarify this question in simple terms.
The cleaning function of a vacuum cleaner robot
In principle, every vacuum robot works like a regular vacuum cleaner. The dust and dirt are sucked up from the floor via a suction nozzle and collected in a collecting container. Most robot vacuum cleaners today have fine dust and HEPA filters and are therefore also suitable for allergy sufferers. Despite their excellent cleaning performance, vacuum robots are very compact. The diameter is usually around 30 cm. At 7 to a maximum of 9 cm, the devices are very flat, so that they can easily pass under furniture and vacuum areas that are difficult to reach with a regular vacuum cleaner.
Different models offer an additional wiping function. To do this, a cloth is attached to the underside of the device, which is supplied with moisture via an integrated water tank. Even the finest dust doesn’t stand a chance.
Most robotic vacuum cleaners have brushes with very long bristles on the front corners of the housing. With these bristles, dirt is brushed out of corners of the room or around table and chair legs as well as furniture feet and can be vacuumed up by the vacuum robot.
The drive of a vacuum robot
Vacuum robots are driven by an electric motor that is supplied with energy from a battery. Two drive wheels on the underside of the housing provide propulsion. A single, smaller wheel attached to the front of the vacuum cleaner enables the robot vacuum cleaner to be steered. The ground clearance is sufficiently large so that the devices can usually run over carpet edges, door sills, or cables without getting stuck.
Operating a robot hoover
The operation of the vacuum robot is effortless. Most devices have three options for operation. A vacuum robot can be switched on and off directly on the device. Various tools can also be operated using a separate remote control or via an app on a smartphone or tablet. With a WiFi connection, the robot can be switched on and off or reprogrammed while on the move.
Cleaning cycles for every requirement
Most modern vacuum cleaner robots offer the option to choose from various so-called cleaning cycles. In this way, the cleaning time can be shortened, especially with larger free areas. At the push of a button or by programming via the app, the devices then move spirally in a zigzag pattern or another pattern through the room.
In addition to the cleaning cycles, the cleaning time can also be preprogrammed for many robotic vacuum cleaners. The robots can be programmed in such a way that, for example, they start work every weekday at a particular time, when nobody is at home, and on the weekend, when nobody wants to be disturbed by the robot, only in the afternoon or not at home suck.
To get your bearings in space and move around your home, robot vacuum cleaners need different sensors to analyze their environment.
Laser sensors are fitted to most models offered by manufacturers. They are often of the order of ten in each device and analyze the configuration of the premises several times a second. They can thus determine if an object is close, or if an obstacle is obstructing the room to avoid it as a result.
The laser sensors also help the robot, during its first pass (s), to determine a complete map of your home or your different floors. It can learn from its mistakes, if it got stuck under a piece of furniture or stuck between the legs of a chair, and prepare optimized routes for the next cleaning cycles that will take into account the layout of your home.
Proximity and vacuum sensors
These different sensors can be added to laser sensors to further improve navigation in the house.
We think in particular of vacuum sensors, useful for vacuum cleaners capable of dealing with several floors. When approaching a staircase, the sensors will alert the robot to the possibility of a fall to prevent it from falling and breaking a few meters below.
The proximity sensors are located alongside the bumpers of the vacuum cleaners. If you have ever seen a vacuum cleaner in action, you will have noticed that the device sometimes bumps into the table legs or against a piece of furniture. VS’
Height sensors, on the other hand, can assess whether the device can fit under your coffee table or bathroom cabinet without getting hindered and requiring your attention.
It is the latest innovation in the navigation of robot vacuum cleaners. More and more manufacturers are integrating one or even more cameras further to improve the movement of the device in each room.
With an integrated camera and associated artificial intelligence systems, the robot can now recognize the objects in front of it and avoid them if necessary. Practice, for example, not to spread the droppings of his dog over an entire tile or to prevent damaging a toy left carelessly on the floor by the youngest.
Automatic battery charging
In contrast to classic handheld vacuum cleaners with batteries or the larger battery vacuum cleaners, nobody has to worry about the battery charge in a vacuum robot. When the battery charge is low, the robot vacuum automatically returns to the charging station and charges the battery again. After setting, it continues to work. It also automatically drives back to the charging station when the work is done or the cleaning time is up. The battery is then automatically recharged so that the robot vacuum cleaner is ready for the next use.
We hope that this description has given you a better understanding of how a vacuum cleaner robot works. Overall, it can be said that a vacuum robot makes household work much more comfortable.