Cleaner-based room air purifiers of an electrically operated ionizer use the properties of electricity to clean the room air. In the ionizer electrically charged particles, the so-called ions are generated by electricity. On the one hand, these charged oxygen molecules change the state of charge of suspended particles suspended in the air and, on the other hand, release free radicals. Both properties are useful for cleaning the room air.
How Does an Air Ionizer Work
The free radicals in the air promote the chemical and biological degradation processes that contribute to the thorough disinfection and removal of unwanted odors. The ions act on the suspended particles in the air, similar to a magnet. Their electrical charge attracts the free dust particles, odor molecules, and other smallest free-floating particles and adheres to each other. For this purpose, the particles do not even have to be in direct contact with the ionizer. Still, it is already sufficient if they come into contact with other particles bound to the ionizer.
Ions bind dust
The electrical charge generated and released by the ionizer primarily binds dust in the air. This feature makes ionizers ideal for indoor use that is exposed to high dust levels. In addition to the effect of the ions, some room cleaners with ionizers also have built-in filters or a UV lamp.
Release of ozone
When using air purifiers with an ionizer, it should be noted that these devices release ozone as well as the ions and radicals. Although ozone also effectively purifies the air by destroying odoriferous molecules. Even in solid materials that are already contaminated by odors, the ozone causes the degradation of the causing odor molecules.
However, there is a health burden for people and pets from the released ozone. Ozone irritates the respiratory tract in low concentrations and can cause serious illnesses. Room air purifiers with ionizers are highly effective in their action against unwanted odors, but after the operation, the room to ventilate to provide for the removal of harmful ozone. The right equipment is technically designed to prevent the release of ozone.
In the case of the elderly, there are aspects of vulnerability for the elderly; among the most common diseases of this group of people are those of the respiratory system, among them are chronic bronchitis, lung disease chronic obstructive, bronchial asthma and bronchiectasis, the most frequent are upper respiratory infections and consequently pneumonia and bronchitis.
For this reason, it is essential to consider the possibility of purchasing an air purifier/ionizer, now let’s see how it works and how it should be used to obtain the best benefits.
The first thing to consider is that there are several types of air purifiers/air ionizers, so you have to be careful when choosing them, which is why it is essential to know how they work.
The ionizers are provided with a conductor with an electrical charge that sends particles loaded with negative ions that interact and work like magnets, which attract the particles and channel them in different ways, making them heavier and taking them to the floor or drawing them to the walls. In small plates, some ionizers compact them into small containers with electric charge and are captured by the same ionizer equipment.
This is called “electrostatic attraction between particles” this happens because the particles of different charges are attracted and can generate a volume in space, which can make them heavier or give them a particular body to be controlled more easily.
The particles/molecules that generally inhabit space come from dust, bacteria, pollen, and other allergens and chemicals that are suspended in space.
One aspect that is important to consider is the entire work circle that must be done once you decide to live one of this equipment, is that after putting ionization to work, it is essential to take the necessary precautions to perform the cleaning or clearing of particles that have been deposited either on the floor, on the walls or inside the storage of the appliance.
In the case of those that have been deposited in the floor or attached to the walls, it is crucial to extract them finally with suction equipment or commonly called a vacuum cleaner; these have suction mouths both to carry out the activity in furniture and walls and others for the floor.
It is essential in its absence if you do not have a vacuum cleaner, which would be even more effective, although more laborious, to clean those surfaces with damp cloths, since the water causes adhesion of them and does not allow them to fly again.
Another aspect that is important to take into account is that depending on the type of ionizer is the effectiveness in the elimination of certain kinds of particles since also depending on the place is that different air qualities are given, in this case, if your home does not like it is so exposed to too heavy and complex particles, for example, small organisms how dust mites or dust pollen are slightly harder to attract particles for air purifiers by ionization. Still, some on the market are mostly for this type of control.
Care must also be taken because, in the case of patients or people with asthma, the ionization of the air can be counterproductive since they can worsen the symptoms due to the ozone that occurs between the combined particles. Still, there are other solutions for this type of case, and in this topic, air purifiers with HEPA / High-Efficiency Particle Aarrestance filters can be used; these are also used in airplanes to minimize the spread of diseases.