Today, medicine has advanced markedly and diagnostic methods are no exception. In situations where it is necessary to inspect better or assess the sick or compromised area, it is necessary to use methods such as endoscopy.
Endoscopy is a medical procedure that is performed to observe the interior of a specific area of the body. For this purpose, an instrument called an endoscope is used.
What is endoscopy for?
It serves as a diagnostic method and even to carry out certain surgeries. Which in previous years had to be performed through cuts or important incisions, with longer recovery time and complications of the surgical intervention.
During the procedure, small tissue samples (biopsy) can also be taken through small forceps for further analysis. Also, extract foreign bodies, or stop bleeding. According to the intention of the procedure, the doctor will decide which type of endoscope to use.
There are different types of endoscopes; most include a light source and consist of a small camera at the end that can transmit an image in real-time through a screen. What allows the doctor to get a better picture, with more details of the situation that a patient is going through and in that way to implement the most appropriate treatment.
According to the area that is necessary to visualize it will be chosen in the type of suitable endoscope. There are rigid or flexible endoscopes, and they also vary in size. They can be introduced into the body through natural orifices such as the mouth, nose, urethra, anus, vagina. Or through a small incision in the skin.
Types of endoscopies
This technique will be called according to the area of the body examined, such as:
- Arthroscopy: examines the inside of a joint. The endoscope is inserted through an incision in the skin.
- Colonoscopy: examines the colon and large intestine. The endoscope is inserted through the anus.
- Laparoscopy: examines the space between the abdomen and the pelvis. It is inserted through an incision in the skin of the abdomen.
- Cystoscopy: Observe the bladder, and enter through the urethra.
- Hysteroscopy: observes the uterus and enters through the vagina.
- Laryngoscopy: examines the larynx. It is introduced through the mouth or nose.
- Bronchoscopy: examines trachea and bronchi. It is introduced through the mouth or nose.
- Gastroscopy or upper digestive endoscopy: examines the esophagus, stomach and part of the duodenum. It is introduced through the mouth.
To perform this technique, the doctor usually sedates the patient and places a local anesthetic before the introduction of the tube, in certain cases general anesthesia is necessary. Depending on the patient’s condition.
Your doctor is the one who will evaluate the type of anesthesia to be used. If you are instructed in this procedure, the professional will first explain the type of endoscopy that will be performed, in addition to the necessary preparation, such as fasting, changes in your diet, or the application of laxative or enemas.
In most cases, fear is the main cause of absence to this type of diagnostic test. But you should know that today the discomfort generated by endoscopy should be minimal. It is of vital importance the correct explanation of the doctor on the technique, detailing simply the process, clarifying all types of doubts as far as risks and contraindications.
The early detection of any pathology helps to have a better prognosis. Always follow the recommendations of your doctor, so by correct diagnosis and appropriate treatment, you can enjoy a better state of health and consequently a better quality of life.