We can define an Ozone Generator as a device that serves to produce ozone gas, which can be used to be released in the air or water to eliminate microorganisms as well as to eliminate odors.
Generally, this type of device is used for industrial purposes, such as in hospitals for the disinfection of specific areas, and it can also be used for residential purposes.
How an Ozone Generator works
As we have seen, ozone is not sold in any establishment because it is less stable than other gases, and when it moves or changes in temperature, it becomes oxygen.
It is for this reason that the operation of an Ozone Generator serves to produce it artificially directly at the time and place in which said ozone would be used.
That is why to produce ozone, you have to have a generating machine, electricity, and oxygen, so the Ozone generator is plugged into the network, receives oxygen directly from the environment.
And after a process in which it is subjected to a series of electric charges, oxygen (O2) is transformed into ozone (O3). After its application, the ozone is converted immediately into oxygen, leaving no type of remainder or residue.
Therefore, it provides an additional positive effect on cleaning and disinfection, by improving air quality, in an environment where the treatment has been carried out.
Ozone is a volatile gas that decomposes rapidly in oxygen, and even in low concentrations, ozone can be harmful to plants and the respiratory system in humans and animals.
But in high concentrations, ozone can kill microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, and mold; it can deodorize objects and interior areas.
Operating principle of an ozone generator
|Different methods can generate ozone. In practice, ozone generation by corona discharge and by UV light is suitable.
Similar to a lightning strike, the ozone is generated during the corona discharge process. Between two electrodes, one of which is insulated by a dielectric, a voltage is generated (see schematic diagram). It is also called “silent discharge” and is so strong that the binding of oxygen molecules is broken, and ozone is formed. Depending on whether ambient air or oxygen is used for ozone generation, the ozone concentration produced varies.
Ozone generators that use ambient air produce up to about 8 g of ozone per hour. In contrast, oxygen-powered industrial ozone generators produce up to several kilos of ozone per hour.
To generate high concentrations of ozone, several “discharge plates” can be combined in an ozone generator.
|To produce 20g ozone / h (equivalent to a “discharge plate”), an oxygen-powered device requires less than 200W. If several elements are coupled for ozone generation, it increases the energy demand accordingly.
But since only between 1 and 2g of ozone, per m 3 of drinking water (as a guideline) are used for cleaning, you can see how little energy the water treatment with ozone requires.
Characteristics of the Ozone Generator
Specialists in the field say that an ozone generator can be used safely in the home to clean and purify the air, eliminate odors, and get rid of mold and mildew.
It is argued that many ozone generators sold for residential use are capable of producing ozone levels that can cause health problems, such as damage to the lungs, chest pains, cough, and throat irritation.
An ozone generator uses the corona discharge method or the UV light method to produce ozone, and the corona discharge method is commonly used in ozone generators sold as air filters and odor removers.
This works by applying an electric current to an ozone generating material, electrically charging the air inside the device, and converting it into ozone.
The UV light method uses a specific type of ultraviolet light to produce ozone. It is commonly used to purify water in spas and swimming pools, and that is that ozone generators use either an electric charge or ultraviolet radiation to create ozone.
Learn more about the Ozonizer
The work carried out by ozonizers is of great importance since when producing ozone, what they do is help in the process of disinfection of water and air, as well as in the elimination of foul odors. It must be borne in mind that the main action that ozone has is to purify, and this is due to the great fame of this equipment.
To finish and to fully understand the operation of these teams, we need to talk about their applications:
- Ozonizers are equipment that helps in the disinfection of air, eliminating both organic and inorganic material. Ozone is beneficial when it comes to eradicating fungi, bacteria, and viruses. This disinfection can be obtained in the air and also in the water.
- Ozonizers disinfect the environment without delaying the everyday tasks of daily life, and the best thing is that they do not use commonly used chemical products.
- As for the uses of these systems, it must be known that they are cultivated. From home, through companies, to the hotel sector, and restaurants, among others, they benefit from the action of decontaminating, deodorizing, and disinfecting ozone.