With the Dyson brand, you immediately think of the vacuum cleaner without a dust bag. The introduction of this vacuum cleaner has made Dyson known worldwide. The Dyson vacuum cleaners are vacuum cleaners without a dust bag that does not need filter maintenance and that without loss of suction. It sounds too good to be accurate, but tests prove the truth.
There is an international standard for vacuum cleaners in the world that show that they have no loss of suction power, which is indicated by IEC 60312-1. This test can already be obtained for a vacuum cleaner before the dust bag is full. This means that according to this standard, vacuum cleaners do not have a loss of suction while, in reality, this is the case. In other words, this standard does not suffice.
At Dyson, they have done an extra test themselves to show that their vacuum cleaners do not lose suction throughout their life. In this test, Dyson had a vacuum cleaner of type DC52 suck up a quantity of dust, which is usually sucked up in 10 years. This test has shown that even after the suction of that quantity of dust, without filter maintenance, the suction power is still the same. James Dyson was born on May 2, 1947, in Cromer, Norfolk. He is an inventor and industrial designer. He has acquired the most familiarity with the vacuum cleaners. In his lifetime, he has received many awards for his work, including ‘Commander of the Order of the British Empire’ in 1998. His assets are estimated at 3.3 billion dollars.
How does this work exactly?
The Dyson vacuum cleaner works with cylindrical air flows. James Dyson developed this vacuum cleaning technique in the 1980s. The vacuum cleaner sucks the dust into a cylinder that looks like a horn with an open bottom and top. The dust is sucked into the cylinder by an air stream and follows a spiral path. This is comparable to a tumble dryer, roller coaster, or carousel. Due to the centrifugal force, the dirt particles are filtered out of the air without actually having a filter. The Dyson vacuum cleaners do not have a bag but a reservoir in which the dirt is collected. Once it is full, you can easily remove, empty, and put it back. Thanks to this technique and industrial design, Dyson has achieved a unique position in the market.
As with any electronic device, there is a chance that something is broken due to incorrect use or wear. If your Dyson vacuum cleaner is broken, you can order Dyson parts here. This saves a lot of money and is suitable for the environment.
It is by analyzing the different components of a device that we come to understand how it works. I recently had the opportunity to assemble a copy of Dyson’s new large-format vacuum cleaner, the Cinetic Big Ball. Here is a presentation of the master parts of the device.
A motor all that is more ordinary
At the heart of the Cinetic Big Ball is a more regular engine, as it has been for decades. It is this motor that is responsible for the primary function of the vacuum cleaner: moving air.
It is interesting to note that Dyson does not use here its digital engines, which are nevertheless one of the most exciting technologies of the English company. Digital machines offer good performance despite their small size. They are found in most new Dyson devices, such as its robot vacuum cleaner, wireless vacuums, and hairdryer.
Why not use one of the flagship technologies in its best-performing vacuum cleaner?
It’s a financial decision. “Digital engines are expensive to produce, especially because Dyson’s plants cannot take advantage of the economies of scale that can be achieved for the regular engine manufacturers from whom we buy this part,” says Rob Green. , senior design engineer at Dyson.
Rob Green also notes that it would be difficult anyway to produce enough digital engines to meet the demand at the moment.
Which does not mean that Dyson will never do it? Dyson’s technology is mostly used for small devices, but digital engines can also be created in large formats, which could be used in a vacuum cleaner like the Big Ball Cinetic. The company had already launched a Big Ball vacuum with digital engines in Canada a few years ago.
Assembly note: when the engine arrives at Dyson, all you have to do is connect a few wires inside, put a piece of plastic that serves as both a switch and wire protector, to put tape and screw everything.
Massive base (for vacuuming up)
The motor is then placed at the bottom of the vacuum cleaner. By positioning a heavy part, and even adding a metal plate underneath, Dyson ensures that its vacuum cleaner has a shallow center of gravity.
“The problem with sleigh vacuums,” explains Rob Green, “is that they always flip when pulled toward you.” Dyson tried unsuccessfully to create a vacuum cleaner that did not spill, so the company has designed a device that sometimes falls on the side, but that comes back alone.
Assembly note: the base I used was partially assembled, especially the part where the cord wraps, to avoid the accidents of springs prevalent in all directions! So I only had a few lefts to put down.
An oversized filter, also for noise
Unlike most bagless vacuum cleaners, the Dyson Cinetic Big Ball has no filters to wash or change regularly. Which does not mean that there is no filter at all?
All around the engine, there is indeed a sizeable white filter, which captures the last particles that have not been redirected to the receptacle. The size of the filter – and the small number of particles that are filtered – mean that the part should last the life of the device, ten years.
“In any case, it’s not the limiting element of the Cinetic Big Ball, but its engine, whose parts wear over time,” says Rob Green.
The large size of the filter, and its shape that surrounds the motor, apparently has another significant advantage: that of partially mitigating the noise of the vacuum cleaner. Unfortunately, it is insufficient. Even though Dyson’s Big Ball is less noisy than we are used to for a device like this, it’s not relaxing.
Assembly note: The filter is a piece that is set up quickly, and that could be relatively easy to change yourself if the need arises.
A receptacle that creates a mini-tornado
Once the ball is closed, we attack the second part of the vacuum, which is found inside the receptacle that picks up the dust.
The receptacle itself is, however, attractive. “You do not see it in the eye, but it’s slightly smaller at the bottom than at the top,” says Rob Green. By projecting the air inside along its surface, it creates a whirlwind, a kind of small tornado that separates the large pieces and to pass the dirty air after that through a small lattice metallic, which separates the average dirt.
Cyclones are the very basis of Dyson’s vacuums. At the heart of DC01, the first vacuum cleaner of the company launched in 1993, was already the concept of the double cyclone. One in the tank, and a second inside another room, which allowed to clean a little more air, without reducing the suction force of the vacuum cleaner.
Assembly note: nothing complicated here. Note in passing that the top of the room has been modified and now includes a silicone scraper that automatically cleans the wire mesh when emptying the receptacle.
Cinetic: 36 small tips
While Dyson’s first vacuum cleaner was putting the air in a second cyclone after the primary receptacle, the Cinetic Big Ball is instead moving through 36 small hurricanes.
These small cyclones are made in rubber tips placed in three rows. The end of the piece is not tiny (the circumference of a pencil with about), but it is still small enough to risk being clogged by the fine dust that is found in the air at this time—a moment of the process.
To make sure this does not happen, Dyson has created soft tips, which vibrate when the air passes, which prevents the dust from collecting (which would reduce the suction force of the device).
Note that it is this system that allows Dyson Cinetic vacuum cleaners to have no washing filter periodically, as is the case with other appliances in the company.
Assembly note: once the tips are placed, we close the room (with a manual screwdriver this time), and it is installed in the receptacle, which can then be placed on the base of the vacuum cleaner.
The finished product
Once the vacuum is mounted, add his pipes and accessories. In addition to the color of some parts, it is these tips that vary the model (and also the price!) Of Cinetic Big Ball, like the Dyson Cinetic Big Ball Multi Floor or the Dyson Cinetic Big Ball Animal.
We note in passing that Dyson has revised its system of tips so that it is easier to use with one hand. This, unfortunately, makes the old accessories incompatible with the new vacuum cleaners, but it is possible to use them with an adapter.
Assembly note: There were no pieces left and no screws after assembly, a sign that nothing was forgotten on the way.
Even though the procedure was easy enough, I do not advise you to try the experience at home.