When buying an air purifier, one of the questions asked is how to choose one’s air purifier. Once the problem has been dealt with, a criterion appears, notably the maintenance of the apparatus. Maintenance is always necessary to optimize filter retention. Among other things, it is essential to take care of it regularly to avoid any malfunction of the machine. For example, in the case of a multilevel air purifier, a clogging could fail in the entire filtration process. On other types of filters, the maintenance procedure requires greater caution. The various brands of air purifiers offer maintenance modes that are prescribed in the manual of the device.
The suitable bases to know
The models offered by the most prominent brands of air purifiers are easy to maintain. Indeed, an interview usually only requires the cleaning of the filters.
The maintenance mode depends on the type of device and the kind of filter that equips it. Indeed, the procedure is different from one filter to another. For example, a HEPA filter or High-Efficiency Particulate Air filter is easily replaced. In some cases, it is possible to clean it by thoroughly washing it.
For newer models such as ionization, combustion, or photocatalytic air purifiers, it is sometimes sufficient to clean the filter with hot water approximately every two weeks of use. However, it is essential to be more meticulous when handling filtering systems.
Often made from metal or plastic, this pre-filter does not need much maintenance and is easy to clean with a brush or cloth. Most often, it is at this level that amalgamates the dust to give the final a big ball.
Ion filter maintenance
An ionic air purifier purifies the air in a room using electrostatic attraction. Metal plates are arranged methodically in the cleaner. They are therefore charged with ions to retain the different pollutants.
To keep the efficiency of the air purifier, it is essential to regularly clean these plates so that they are not too full of debris. To do this, do as follows:
– In the first step, switch off and unplug the device. Then remove the metal plates.
– In the second step, it is necessary to pass the plates under hot water. The clinging residues are easily detached in most cases. With a paper towel, gently wipe the surface of the container, being careful not to touch the surface with your fingers. Some models only require a damp cloth. So, it is essential to check the manufacturer’s documentation.
– And in the third step, let the plates dry well for a few hours in the open-air or with a soft cloth. Once dry, replace the filter and reconnect the unit.
Maintenance of a combustion filter
The combustion air purifiers have a heating system that burns undesirable particles. To do this, it uses a filament or resistance that heats. Other models are equipped with a ceramic body through which the air passes.
In this sense, it is not essential to clean this filament or ceramic body. However, in case of loss of efficiency, it must be replaced.
Also, a combustion air purifier is equipped with another filter that is most often a HEPA filter. So the interview is at this level.
Maintenance of a photocatalytic filter
In some models, photocatalyst air purifiers have a HEPA filter at the end to prevent dust from passing through. Also, this type of air purifier is most often equipped with a UV lamp such as neon lights that excite the titanium nanotube (catalytic media) to produce titanium dioxide. The cleaning procedure, therefore, only concerns the titanium photocatalytic cartridge.
To do this, always turn off and unplug the unit. You must then remove the filter (HEPA filter for most models). Once this is done, extract the photocatalytic cartridge and brush it lightly without causing any scratches.
Moreover, in the case of more or less intensive use, it is necessary to do this procedure two to three times a year.
Maintenance of a plasma filter
Similar to the ion filter, the plasma filter does not require frequent and frequent maintenance.
How to air purifiers equipped with a humidifier?
It should be known that humidifiers increase the humidity of a room. They are instrumental in the treatment of a cold or flu. They also help fight against skin dehydration and improve the sleep of newborns.
In the case where the humidifier is dirty because of the air purifier, it is essential to wash it because it can spread bacteria in the air. To do this, we must follow the right method.
There are two effective methods to clean a humidifier properly:
– The first method is to clean the water tray under the tap by pouring vinegar. Turn the water in the tank so that it can reach both the bottom and sides of the tank and soak for at least an hour. Vinegar is a natural cleaner that will remove deposits on the wall of the tray. In the case where dirt has formed at the bottom, it is necessary to use a brush.
However, it is not recommended to use detergent. This could have adverse consequences. The water that will contain the tray will be propelled into the air, so it is essential to ensure its content.
– The second method is to use bleach mixed with water to disinfect the tray. Soak in this mixture for at least one hour.
To prevent bacteria, it is often necessary to change the water. Water left for a long time can cause mineral deposits. It is also required to clean the humidification system every three days to avoid the bacteriological risks.
Tips for cleaning air filters
Any device designed to catch dirt should be cleaned regularly. Cleaning the air filters is usually relatively easy. Here are some simple tips.
Motorized filters will end up costing you more if you do not clean them, because dirty, they consume more energy to transmit air or water through the filter.
1. Air conditioner filters
Whether disposable or washable, air conditioner filters need to be inspected monthly.
- If the filter is washable, remove it and vacuum as much dust as possible.
- Then rinse with warm water or soak in a solution of 15 ml (1 tablespoon) of baking soda and 1 liter of water. Do not use soap.
- Then rinse thoroughly with water and dry thoroughly.
2. Air purifiers
No matter the model – table-top models, models for a room or the whole house – it’s essential to clean your air purifier.
- Disposable or washable glass fiber, metal screen filters on whole-house systems should be changed or cleaned with hot water once a month if used regularly.
- Activated carbon filters must be replaced every year.
- Purifier models for the room or table-top can use filters that need to be replaced every two or three months.
- Others use ionization technology: the purifier generates negative ions that amalgamate particles in suspension. By charging them negatively, the dust falls to the ground or attaches itself to the furniture.
- The best advice is to follow the filter cleaning instructions that came with your device.
3. Water filtration systems
These systems often use activated carbon filters to collect dirt. Activated charcoal usually comes in the form of cartridges that need to be replaced when they no longer work.
- It’s always a bit difficult to know when they need to be replaced. If the filter is designed to remove chlorine, and suddenly the water tastes like chlorine, you know it’s time to change the filter.
- Some filters are equipped with lights or other devices to warn you that it’s time to change them. Still, others indicate a shelf life on the package.
- To ensure that your filtration system complies with national standards, check the information on the packaging. You will then know that the manufacturer’s instructions for changing the filter have been tested and found to be sufficient.
4. Keep the owner’s manuals
Use them to set up a schedule for cleaning or replacing filters on the machines or appliances that use them.
- Consult the manuals to find out how to get filters (sometimes the most challenging part), whether to replace or clean them, and how often you need to do it.
- If you do not have a manual, search the Internet for the company that designed the appliance. You can either download the appropriate manual from the company’s website, order an online manual, or call the customer support number.