An ultrasound cleaner is a tank that has an ultrasound generator transducer on its side or immersed in the fluid. A transducer is a material that can change shape when excited by an electrical impulse. When the transducer is excited, it increases in size, and the bottom of the tank or its side moves. This movement creates a compression wave in the tank liquid, thus becoming an ultrasound cleaner.
An electric generator that emits a high-frequency signal will cause the transducer to induce compression waves and rarefaction in the liquid rapidly. This will create a vacuum cavity in the liquid. The cavity will become larger or smaller as the compression waves continue. When the cavity reaches a certain size, the brown cavity will no longer be able to maintain its shape. At that time, the vacuum cavity will collapse. Millions of bubbles will be created that will collapse every second into the ultrasound cleaning tank. These collapses are the ones that clean the side of the tank. They are so small that they are only able to remove surface dirt and contaminants. The advantage of an ultrasound cleaner is that the higher frequency,
Ultrasound cleaners come in three sizes. The first is the small system (like a toy) that can be used to clean contact lenses or jewelry. The second type can be used for cleaning dental equipment. The third type is the heavy industrial-duty, with heavy composite transducers that can generate high power. Here, we will tell you how to build a homemade ultrasound cleaner that is a combination of the three measures mentioned above. You will be able to make your ultrasound cleaner in five simple steps, with five materials.
- Erosion by cavitation is the effect that an object suffers when left for a long time in the bucket. So just keep the object you’re cleaning in the ultrasound cleaner long enough to remove the contamination and dirt.
You will need to
- A can of coffee
- A hand sander
- Viscoelastic foam (between 3,8 to 5 cm thick)
- A plastic bucket of 20 liters
- Scotch tape
- Put the sander button in the on position. Do not plug it yet.
- Tape the sander by attaching it to the bottom of the coffee can that is adjusted enough so that the vibrations of the sander are transmitted to the coffee can.
- Put the foam on the sides and bottom of the bucket. The function of the foam is to isolate the coffee can so that the cube does not vibrate; only the tin vibrates.
- Put water in the coffee can.
- Plugin the sander. The reason why we have put the button in the on the position previously is that now it will be difficult to access it.
- After a few minutes, the sander will generate heat, which will flow into the coffee can. This will cause the coffee can to expand and compress. The heat produced will cause and maintain the collapses that will clean the object placed inside the ultrasound cleaner. Once the heat starts the process, and the can have begun to expand and contract, the sander can be turned off. The heat generated is not enough to burn or burn.