The anal airsacculitis in dogs occurs when there are inflammation and infection in the glands of this area. These are two bags placed on the sides of the animal’s rectum, very close to the anus, which secretes a lubricating fluid that, in addition to having the function of lubricating the feces, have a strong, unique smell in each dog. In this way, they are used so that dogs do not have problems to expel their feces and so that they can communicate well with each other. For this reason, these animals, when they meet, smell the other’s butt, to identify this unique smell in each one, with which they not only know who that dog is but also identify their state of health, if they are in heat, etc.
The anal sacs can become clogged or impacted, causing great inflammation and much pain. If they are not emptied correctly, they can also become infected, producing an anal abscess or other problems. Therefore, so you can help your furry, in this article of unCOMO, we will discuss what the causes and treatment of inflamed glands in dogs are
Causes of infected anal glands in dogs
There are a few reasons why this problem may appear nice. Mainly, we can highlight the following causes of inflammation of the anal glands in dogs:
- Lack of emptying of the glands: this causes impact or obstruction because the accumulated fluid hardens and blocks the gland’s outlet. It can happen due to a health problem or changes like the ones that we will comment on next or when the dog is already old or even when a dog is pregnant.
- Lack of fiber and fatty acids: the lack of these nutrients, and also of others, hinders intestinal transit and the expulsion of feces, which can irritate the area of the rectum and the exit area of this glandular fluid.
- Intestinal diseases: whether problems such as slow transit, constipation, diarrhea, or other in this part of the digestive system, irritation of the mucosa of the entire track is one of the most immediate effects. Thus, due to this irritation, it is easy to appear inflammation in the tract’s final area to be more forced.
- Change of diet: sudden changes in diet facilitate the appearance of gastrointestinal problems, such as diarrhea and constipation, which irritate and inflame the entire mucosa and glands.
- Changes in stool: Changes in consistency, texture, and color may indicate a change in acidity, maybe the cause of inflammation in this area of the rectum.
Symptoms of inflammation of the anal glands in dogs
How to know if my dog has anal glands full and inflamed? This is a question that must be raised to learn to take good care of our hairy and that, apart from reporting on our own, it is advisable to ask the veterinarian to explain how to detect this type of problem in our furry companion to help and know when It is essential to take it to the vet.
Among the inflammation symptoms in the anal glands in dogs, we also usually detect signs of infection in the glands. Thus, these are the main symptoms that must be observed:
- Inflammation in the anal area can even be on one side or observe both sides swollen.
- Perineal or anal abscesses
- General discomfort.
- Difficulty to relax and sleep.
- Constant licking in the perianal area.
- The dog drags its back on the ground to relieve the discomfort.
If these symptoms are not observed, and no action is taken, in the end, the glands may open or burst on their own, which will cause a lot of pain to the dog and will allow the appearance of an infection, which can be easily aggravated.
Treatment of inflamed anal glands in dogs
What to do if my dog has inflamed anal glands? If you have noticed that your hair has this problem, you will surely ask yourself this question. It is normal that at home, we do not know what to do when this condition appears in this delicate area, and many people make the mistake of thinking, in the face of a simple inflammation, that they can heal themselves. However, as we have said before, this simple condition can easily worsen, with a serious infection appearing and then spreading to more areas in the nearby area.
So, if they are already inflamed, it is necessary to take your dog to the veterinarian so that he cleans the area well and applies the corresponding treatment, depending on the cause. The veterinarian will empty the anal sacs properly and apply an anti-inflammatory and, most likely, antibiotics and other medications. You may also be prescribed an ointment for the anal glands of dogs; that is, it is dog-specific.
If the case of obstruction and inflammation of your furry is recurrent and even if you usually get infections or abscesses, the veterinarian likely recommends making an operation of anal glands to your dog, as you may value that it comes out more to account surgery to remove them that not all the problems that your faithful friend is having.
To avoid these problems, it is best to learn to empty the anal glands in dogs periodically, usually once a month, although it depends on the can. In this way, this area’s proper functioning is maintained, and the liquid will hardly accumulate.